It's no news that thousands of italian researchers left their home-country in order to be able to carry on doing what they like; the news though is that now we're got also a scientific study shedding some light on the phenomena. It's been done by the Via Academy, an association dedicated to the creation of statistical analyses of the research outputs of italians (which are published on the TIS reports website).
Clearly, the high impact of scientists who are now abroad bears testament to the quality of the Italian education and attitude when it comes to Computer Science. The inevitable question thus arises: why are Computer Scientists who work in Italy not among the top in either the world ranking or the TIS list? I have been asking this question to various colleagues in the field, both inside and outside the Via-academy network. The consistent answer I have been receiving is that there is a clear disadvantage Computer Scientists must face when working in Italy with respect to their colleagues who work abroad. This disadvantage derives from a mixture of excessive teaching duties, a lack of large-scale funding and a limited recognition of scientific merit
This type of analyses are mainly based on the H-index method (an index that attempts to measure both the productivity and impact of the published work of a scientist or scholar); it therefore suffers from various limitations deriving from factors such as the difference in average number of publications among disciplines (especially, between science and the humanities), or from the fact that it's a purely quantitative analysis.
However, it seems to me as being an important step in the right direction: meritocracy.
p.s. I found out there's a recent article by Ignazio Marino on the topic [Working Toward Meritocracy in Italy, Ignazio R. Marino, Science 6 June 2008: 1289]; I couldn't download it but here's a short commentary on it I could find online:
Cite this blog post:
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities, Dec 2014. doi: 10.1093/llc/fqt037
New Technologies in Medieval and Renaissance Studies, (forthcoming). (part of the 'Envisioning REED in the Digital Age' collection)
Representing Knowledge in the Digital Humanities, Lawrence, Kansas, Sep 2011.
Poster paper presented at the 3rd European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC-06), Budva, Montenegro, Jun 2006.